Friday, May 22, 2020

Symptoms And Treatment Of Insomnia - 1902 Words

Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulties falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up earlier than desired. Research shows that many factors-both behavioral and cognitive- are effective in treating this condition (Roth, 2007). Many of us, however, are not aware of how our behaviors contribute to sleep disruption. In order to understand insomnia, we must first become aware that many normal behaviors effect chemicals in the body, stress levels, and our quality of sleep. At night, the pineal gland produces a hormone called melatonin. This chemical controls the body’s sleep and wake cycle (Lieberman, et al, 1984). Research has shown that melatonin can correlate to many other functions (and problems) in the body besides regulating our sleeping patterns. A common use for melatonin is the treatment of sleep disorders (Jan, 1994). Melatonin supplements have been shown to be an effective treatment for jet-lag or working the night shift- basically any behavior that disrupts the body’s natural sleep-wake rhythm. When a person disrupts his sleep-wake cycle, he is prone to headaches, poor concentration, fatigue†¦many symptoms that are hallmark of insomnia. The body has an internal clock, the circadian rhythm, that reacts to many factors in the environment and then tells the body that it is time to either be awake, or go to sleep. In the morning, exposure to sunlight cues our body’s â€Å"wake† response (Jan, 1994). Physiologically, the light of the sun travelsShow MoreRelatedSymptoms And Treatment Of Insomnia1172 Words   |  5 Pagesdefine insomnia, the patient takes longer than 30 minutes to fall asleep and has less than 6  ½ hours of total sleep (Edmunds Mayhew, 2014). Insomnia is seen more commonly seen in women compared to men (McCance Huether, 2014). Sleep disorders are a symptom usually of another problem; â€Å"thus a comprehensive review of the patient’s history and a thorough physical examination is required to rule out all possible causes of the sleep disturbance† (Edmunds Mayhew, 2014, p. 541). Insomnia can beRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Insomnia888 Words   |  4 PagesAlthough i t is common for adults to suffer from insomnia, there are also many children who do as well, even though, in many cases, it is not yet diagnosed . There are many factors that can lead to a child developing insomnia. Just as any human being goes through life constantly developing, so does insomnia. While most people do not understand that they can be diagnosed at any age, they see the daily symptoms happening all around them. Because insomnia can be difficult to diagnose, and the tests areRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Migraine Insomnia1636 Words   |  7 Pagestheir quest for management with over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or Advil, which are first-line treatments for mild to moderate migraine. Sumatriptan, a prescription medication, should be used first-line for moderate to severe migraine. In patients unable to take Sumatriptan, telcagepant may be an effective alternative for acute migraine treatment. Preventative migraine treatment continues to be an area of difficulty in migraine management due to adverse side effects and limited proofRead MoreSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Essay924 Words   |  4 PagesSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia, defined as difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485), connected with the pineal gland in the brain that produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers find the possibilityRead MoreSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Essay917 Words   |  4 PagesSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia The APA Dictionary of Pscyhology defines insomnia as a difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time help control sleep (Gillam, 2009). By use of polysomnography, researchers find thatRead MoreAnalysis Of Michael H. Silber s Chronic Insomnia 1400 Words   |  6 Pagesdeprivation, insomnia. Michael H. Silber is a highly qualified as one of the authors because he has various different degrees. He worked for many positions, such as: American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology - Sleep Medicine, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology - Clinical Neurophysiology, American Board of Sleep Medicine, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, American Board of Electro diagnostic Medicine. In his article Chron ic Insomnia, he makes the startling claim that Insomnia is definedRead MoreSleep Disturbances And The Multifactorial Nature Of Insomnia1548 Words   |  7 PagesAge-Related Changes. The previously discussed models and hypotheses are important in understanding the foundation of sleep disturbances and the multifactorial nature of insomnia. However, it is imperative to also acknowledge the age-related changes that effect sleep architecture and sleep patterns in older adults. The medical field has defined individuals over the age of 65 as elderly, and those over the age of 75 as geriatric. Many changes involving how sleep is initiated and maintained occurRead MoreAdaptive Response to Disorders629 Words   |  3 Pagessubstances, deficiency in essential components of a balance diet, infections from disease vectors and many others. Urgent care is needed for any detection of disorders in patients because lack of treatment makes them develop into diseases. This paper highlights some o f the disorder depicted by the symptoms of the three different patients in the attached article. In addition, the article details the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors and diagnosis of the disorders in the patients. JenniferRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy And Its Effects On Insomnia Symptoms And Impairment832 Words   |  4 PagesIt is unclear whether excessive thinking or stress mediates both insomnia symptoms and impairment, but therapy targeting dysfunctional beliefs about sleep has shown effectiveness for improvement. The main insomnia therapies targeting dysfunctional beliefs are cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), cognitive therapy (CT), and behavioral therapy (BT). CBT includes CT, which focuses on identifying and altering beliefs, and behavioral therapy (BT), which focuses on sleep restriction and maintenance of consistentRead MoreInsomni Symptoms And Factors Essay1069 Words   |  5 PagesInsomnia Introduction Insomnia is a prevalent health complaint. About 6% to 10% of Americans are suffering from insomnia on a regular basis each year. Insomnia is predominant Among elderly people, People with chronic medical illness, and Those with anxiety or depressive disorders. In patients with cancer, insomnia is reported to be a common problem. The causes for insomnia in patients with cancer are related to psychological factors (anxiety or depression), pain, treatment-related toxicity

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Key Pieces of Collegeboard Essay Samples

Key Pieces of Collegeboard Essay Samples Life After Collegeboard Essay Samples The essay must have a prompt so you can see what it can take to adhere to the prompt. Usually, a crucial lens essay follows a typical essay format pattern. As a matter of fact, it is focused on highlighting strong and weak points of a given quote. This professionally-written plagiarism-free essay example on the subject of recycling can surely aid you with your writing, so don't hesitate to read it. An essay is a fairly short bit of writing on a certain topic. It has been defined in a variety of ways. There should be a proper sequence for the SAT essay, keep in mind that it should be divided into several paragraphs where each should be structured in accordance with the importance. It gives you an opportunity to show how effectively you can read and comprehend a passage and write an essay analyzing the passage. So here are a few approaches to counter bullying at work. An outline also enables you to plan your writing by providing you a very clear awareness of direction when transitioning from 1 point to the next. There's no better approach to do so than to write. Use your common sense and attempt to estimate the answer before you begin the issue. Collegeboard Essay Samples Help! While Score Choice permits you to pick which day's scores you send to colleges, you will never be able to send only some scores from a specific test day. Your SAT score is only one ingredient. It is a significant part of your college application, but it's not the only part. The key for an ideal score on the SAT essay is to utilize your time wisely and remain centered on the endeavor. There are a few schools that still aren't certain what use they'll make of the essays. Because of this, one needs to understand how to compose a vital lens essay at the high academic level, as it reflects the overall degree of education of a student. Making a Great First Impression Another tip for students to keep in mind when tackling the essay part of the SAT is the significance of earning a wonderful impression immediately. You will need to use precise language to demonstrate mastery of English writing. Collegeboard Essay Samples The conclusion ought to be encapsulating the entire essay into one paragraph stating the thesis statement once more. Due to how it's an opinionated piece of writing and mixes facts with emotions it has an inclination to use fairly straightforward language. You may feel as if you will need to get started writing as fast as possible, but make certain you comprehend the author's argument thoroughly before beginning. In terms of the language and basi c tone of writing, it ought to be objective, without revealing any of the author's individual beliefs. An essential lens essay is a form of essay geared toward supplying a personal interpretation and analysis of a particular quotation or statement, proving one's opinion with the assistance of literature references. The introduction begins with the quote, which isn't just an ordinary sentence from the text, but a considerable statement that holds appreciable price. This kind of interpretation is known as the thesis. The kind of language utilized by every author also differs. The unregulated test prep industry doesn't do that, and you haven't any method of checking on the accomplishment of their programs. While studying for the test, learn how to pace yourself, and keep an eye on how far along you ought to be at various times throughout the test. A score report at the close of the test once you've completed a test. You don't know when they can be convenient on the test. All About Collegeboard Essay Samples Some of the greatest research paper introduction samples incorporate pr imary resources supporting the argument or research of the issue. Whether there are any main limitations of your work, you're able to also mention this in brief within the introduction. The most important point is, you don't need to wait until you find the prompt to come up with an arsenal of sorts of argument-building techniques you may use to back up your points. The language it utilizes also reveals theauthors clear unfavorable bias towards the impacts of the Internet on print media. Hopkins poetry essay leaving cert All professionals ought to be able to spot a greater purpose to what they're doing, scientists should see their research as a means to improve people's lives. Below are my five stairss I follow while trying to find a fellow. In case the written part of the SAT is about your family members, your future, another nation, your favourite type of music or anything else you are going to be well prepared. If you're a student, or anyone else who's going to do lots of writing, then you need to provide yourself with the most suitable technology, especially now, when it's virtually costless to achieve that.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cultural Diversity and Patient Care Free Essays

Knowledge of cultural diversity is key to all levels of the nursing practice. Knowledge and skills related to cultural diversity can strengthen and broaden health care delivery systems. â€Å"In 1986 the American Nursing Association (ANA) issued its first intention to strengthen cultural diversity programs in nursing† (Lowe Archibald, 2009, p. We will write a custom essay sample on Cultural Diversity and Patient Care or any similar topic only for you Order Now 11). Despite good intentions made by nursing, progress in the area of cultural diversity has been slow and sporadic. The change in the ethnic composition of the U.S. has challenged nurses to incorporate the needs of their patient into their daily nursing practice. Society expects todays nurse to be culturally competent. Earlier a focus was on transcultural nursing was to bring an understanding of the contrasts between the nurse’s own culture and of the patient. An early strategy to educate nurses about culture was to incorporate cultural education into the nursing curriculum and to have cultural questions on nursing boards and certification testing. â€Å"The necessity in preparing and assisting nurse researchers and clinicians to be able to meet the health needs of culturally diverse population takes on a sense of urgency† (Lowe Archibald, 2009, p. 15). Concepts of illness, health, and wellness are part of the total cultural belief system. Nurses need to understand; how cultural groups understand life process, how they define health and illness, what they do to maintain wellness, what they believe is the cause of illness, how healers cure and care for their members, and how the cultural background of the nurse influences the care that they provide. We read in Ephesians 4:32, â€Å"And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you† (Holy Bible, King James Version). As Christians we should show God’s love to each and every one of our patients. This article titled â€Å"Cultural Diversity: The Intention of Nursing† can be found at http://onlinelibrary. wiley. com/doi/10. 1111/j. 1744-6198. 2009. 00122. x/abstracte . How to cite Cultural Diversity and Patient Care, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Reading in the Content Areas an Example of the Topic Science and Technology Essays by

Reading in the Content Areas The Concept of Reading in the Content Areas In contrast to reading in its traditional context i.e. in the English subject, reading in the content areas simply means that school children are able to read and comprehend expository texts in content areas such as mathematics, history, science and social studies. The said texts are set apart from other type of texts by their characteristic nature that is based on facts. Further, such facts are usually presented in very technical terms utilizing multisyllabic words. Expository texts are also distinct in their structure, which vary from types like compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequencing, and many others that are logic-based (Literacy, 2007). Need essay sample on "Reading in the Content Areas" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Undergraduates Very Often Tell EssayLab professionals: I'm not in the mood to write my paper. Because I want to spend time with my boyfriend Essay writers propose: It Is Very Easy And Convenient To Buy Essays Online Academic Writing Services Cheap Reliable Essay Writing Service Top Rated Essay Writing Service Online Essay Writing Company The process by which students interact with texts in the content areas is another subject worth delving into. The said process is a three-part continuum that involves interaction before the text is read, during reading, and even after the text has been read. Interaction before the text is read involves drawing students stock knowledge that is related to the text, setting goals and anticipating questions. Techniques for identifying words such as syllabication and structural analysis, as well as the use of context clues to comprehend words that may be too technical, characterize the interaction with text during reading. This phase is what we call reading between the lines, upon which inferences could be drawn. However, reading in the content areas also emphasizes the importance of interaction with the text after the actual reading. This is where the process of reflective analysis, synthesis of information and ideas from various sources, and interpretation takes place (Literacy Matters. org, 2007). Having explained the three stages in which students interact with expository texts in content area reading, it is important to take note that the interaction of the students with the text also happens in three levels. Primary among these is the literal level where factual information are merely read and understood. Next would be the inferential level, where students process the information gained in the literal level by relating them to previous knowledge. The third would be the evaluation level, where students are already able to conclude and develop their own perspectives based on the ideas that were analyzed (Literacy, 2007). The cold fact, however, is that not all students are able to read in all of the said levels (Literacy, 2007). Herein lies the importance of being able to read in the content areas, meaning in all its three stages and levels. Too many years of studying students test scores and of analyzing the reason behind failures in such tests indicate that the areas they dont understand are usually the areas they couldnt read about (Peha, 2005). According to Guenther (2005), one cant separate learning to read from reading to learn. One reads to find out something, thus reading is formed by both the content of a text and the intent of a reader to learn it. Reading does not happen in a vacuum. And it is important that the issue of elementary students need to learn to read to learn is addressed, moreover before they reach fifth and sixth grade (Guenther, 2005). Peha (2005) affirms this in saying that small reading problems in elementary levels would loom bigger as children progress in school, meaning little reading problems in elementary could even impair reading, and thus learning, in secondary and tertiary school levels. With higher school levels comes more voluminous readings and harder tasks required from what was read, thus increasing the difficulty of reading. At around 12th or 11th grade, school becomes gravely hard for children who have reading difficulties in the content areas, and the all too often response to this is just to quit reading, and worse, schooling altogether. Even the teachers themselves also admit to having difficulty in teaching such children. The said problem, however, did not arise out of the blue. Generations that have passed saw to children struggling to read in the content areas. Yet todays curriculum standards and high stakes testing brought societys focus on the issue i.e. there is an increasing number of students who needs to be increasingly proficient in an increasing number of subjects, each of which has reading as its crucial factor (Peha, 2005). Efforts to address this issue have echoed throughout the country (Peha, 2005). Yet it is still not so broadly realized that content teachers themselves, meaning those who teach content area subjects, could help struggling readers to read. By claiming this, it should not be confused that teachers in the content areas are being asked to become reading instructors. This only imply that content teachers could structure the lessons they teach in such a way that would boost struggling readers to become competent in reading content-based text (Glencoe Online, 2006). Students who could not read in the content areas could not develop knowledge in those areas. If any, educator Max Fischer (2003) makes it plain that this only makes every teacher a teacher of reading. President Bushs No Child Left Behind Act has made this responsibility of teachers clear (Fischer, 2003). Potential Impact on School Curriculum and Student Learning In writing, Peha (2005) acknowledges the fact that teachers could not possibly teach reading, even though the intention behind it is good. Practically speaking, Peha (2005) says that the existing curriculum already has no room to accommodate further additions and most teachers in the content areas could be untrained, too busy, or uninterested to accommodate such changes. With this in mind, the No Child Left Behind Act might have problematic impacts. However, if content area teachers would be well-oriented that they are not being asked to give up teaching their original curriculum to teach reading instead or to employ radical changes in their teaching practices, but that they are just asked to support content area reading in the way they structure their teaching (Peha, 2005), then there would possibly be no problem. Moreover, the focus on reading in the content areas by utilizing reading strategies would enable content area teachers to aid their students in becoming effective content readers, and thus, content area learners. Empirical studies indicate that when teachers inject reading strategies in their lessons, their students learned significantly more than those who were taught in the traditional way (Literacy, 2007). Thus, we could expect this kind of gain as an impact of employing reading in the content areas among schools. On the part of the school, this gainful impact would be very much welcome as it would enable a school to stay afloat. In previous years, students were required to take tests that would evaluate their learning in content areas. The outcome of those examinations would become the basis of the annual yearly progress (AYP)* of every school institution. What is daunting in the AYP is that it requires a school to achieve its goals for all four targeted subgroups of students before it could be given a satisfactory AYP (Fischer, 2003). Thus, even though the general student population scores well, if any of its subpopulations do not achieve the stated yearly goal, the school will fail its AYP. Thus, the school will have to face legal consequences. (Fischer, 2003). Since the problem of much of the said subpopulations rely much in their learning in the content areas, their success in reading in the content areas could also mean success for their school. For the students, the impact of such programs would be gainful as well since reading in the content areas would, as explained earlier in this text, endow them with learning in the content areas --- something which is indeed the core of student learning. For content teachers, programs regarding content area reading would enable them to boost student achievement with rigor, relevance and to employ literacy strategies that would endow their students academic success (Pappas, 2007). In terms of curriculum and teaching techniques, programs regarding reading in the content areas will have impacts in ways that would oppose the traditional read-and-answer-the-questions approach in content area subjects (Combs, 2004). Content teachers would be expected to support their subject area while building student literacy skills in mastering vocabulary, comprehension and analysis (Pappas, 2007). In recent years, the focus on reading in the content areas has yielded much development, but several areas still have to be mended. Focus still lacks in the aspects of reading comprehension and understanding, and this tends to lessen the gain from programs in content area reading (What is the importance of content area reading instruction in schools?, n.d.). This should thus be taken into account when employing such programs. Another thing to watch out for is that content teachers may understand the importance of teaching reading in the content areas and may desire to do so. However, content area teachers who are not well-versed in basic reading instruction may still find the task intimidating (Glencoe Online, 2006). And though nowadays, various content area reading strategies are widely available in books, journals, and on the Internet, content area teachers remain confused because they lack the necessary training in the teaching of reading. One specific area of confusion lies on when to employ specific strategies (Combs, 2004). All of the impacts that were discussed above, both positive and negative, should be taken into account when attempting to develop reading in the content areas in schools and among students. Reading in the content areas should be employed with the said gainful impacts in mind, and with the young generations well-being as the main purpose for employing such. In the same way, the discussed problematic impacts should also be planned for so that only the gainful impacts would remain and be magnified. These should be done so that in time, through constant and aggressive efforts on the part of everyone concerned, reading in the content areas will produce a generation of students who have learned well in the content areas and who could use such learning to deal with the important issues in life where such learning is called for. Bibliography Combs, D. (2004, November). A Framework for Scaffolding Content Area Reading Strategies. Middle School Journal, 36(2), 13-20. Retrieved June 19, 2007. Fischer, M.W. (2003). "No Child Left Behind" Places Premium on Reading Instruction in Content Areas. Education World. Retrieved June 19, 2007, from Fowler, D. (1998). Balanced Reading Instruction in Practice. Educational Leadership, 55(6,) 11-12. Academic Search Premier. NC State University Library, Raleigh. Retrieved June 19, 2007. Glencoe Online. (2006, September). Reading in the Content Areas: Strategies for Success. Teaching Today. Education Up Close. Retrieved June 19, 2007. Guenther, J. (2005, April). Book Review: Content Area Literacy Instruction for the Elementary Grades. The Reading Matrix, 5(1). Retrieved June 19, 2007. Holloway, J. H. (2002). Integrating Literacy with Content. Educational Leadership 60(3),87-88. Academic Search Premier. NC State University Library, Raleigh. Retrieved June 19, 2007.

Friday, March 20, 2020

Ethical Issues in the School

Ethical Issues in the School Robert is a disruptive student whose case raises several ethical concerns. The first one is that he does not follow school rules and regulations as a student. He is also disobedient and bullies other students in class. Teachers do not expect their students to behave in such a manner hence the behaviour portrayed by Robert is not ethical.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Ethical Issues in the School specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second ethical issue raised in the case is that Robert has gone to the extent of stealing a phone from the bag of another student. Stealing is not accepted whether the person involved is a teenager or an adult. It is wrong for Robert to involve himself in stealing because this is likely to cause serious consequences. To begin with, it will affect his studies negatively. Secondly, legal action might be taken against him because stealing is prohibited by law. The third ethical issue r aised in the case is that Robert risks being expelled from the school completely although he is capable of changing into a good student and a kind person. Since the case of Robert is a serious ethical issue, it is important to apply certain ethical approaches and theories in order to handle it effectively. The first ethical theory that will guide my action in handling the case is deontological theory. This theory argues that human beings are governed by certain moral rules that cannot be broken. According to deontologists, doing the right thing is considered ethical regardless of whether the outcomes are good or bad. My actions will also be guided by utilitarianism theory. This theory focuses on the outcomes of a certain decision. According to the theory, choices or decisions that benefit a large number of people are considered ethically right. In Robert’s case, the concept of good denotes actions that are acceptable to the school administration and ones that do not disturb o ther people within the school environment. This theoretical approach provides a rational approach for making a decision on the most appropriate thing to do in the case of Robert.Advertising Looking for case study on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this case, there are two options of action that can be used to handle the situation. The first option is to expose Robert as a thief because information about the stolen phone has spread in the school and the girl concerned is distraught. The second option is to summon Robert privately, counsell him and get the phone without informing everybody. Robert should not be exposed to the rest of the school members if he apologises because he has the potential to change and become a good person if the problems he faces at home are solved. In this case, the option I will choose is to report Robert to the school principal for the necessary action to be taken. The first rea son behind this decision is that Robert has been a disruptive student in many occasions. He bullies other students, yells in class, and does not do assignments. It might be assumed that he will change with time but this might not be practical because the principal has warned him many times without any success. He has even gone to an extent of giving Robert a last warning. One of the factors that might prevent me from taking this action is the fact that I have observed Robert for six months and I think he can change into a good and kind student. This might be true but eventually the action will have to be taken because even after several warnings, he has not changed and still behaves unethically. It is unethical to keep him in the school with the hope that he will change yet he does not show signs that he will change. Exposing him might have negative consequences since he will be expelled out of school. However, this is the most appropriate option because according to utilitarianism, it will result in the greatest benefits for the people in the school. Robert will suffer but teachers and students will be free from his disturbance.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Ethical Issues in the School specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Philosophically, the decision to expose Robert as a thief is the most appropriate method of handling the situation. This is because this decision will have the greatest benefits for the majority. In addition, the decision might have short-term negative implications for Robert but eventually, it will prevent him from getting into more trouble. For instance, his behaviour has shifted from causing disturbance to other students and disrupting normal school operations to stealing. If he is allowed to continue stealing, he might continue doing it until he lands in prison. It is therefore philosophically right to expose him as a way of preventing him from getting into bigger tr ouble. The course of action taken in this case is consistent with choices ethically conscientious people make. An individual who is ethically conscious looks at how the majority benefit from certain actions although some individuals might suffer. In the case of Robert, the most appropriate action is to expose his unethical behaviour that disrupts other people. Some people might think that he should not be exposed as a thief but instead should be given a chance to reform and change his behaviour. However, he has been warned several times and he seems not to change. It will be unethical to give him more time to change while he disrupts normal school operations. The decision to expose him is therefore consistent with choices made by conscientious individuals. Deontology and utilitarian theories have been used to analyse the case of Robert. The two theories will assist an individual in everyday decision making. It is important to make decisions based on certain theories since they provi de insights on what is ethically acceptable. Deontological theories argue that it is important to do what is right regardless of the outcomes because human beings have obligations that are not supposed to be broken. This theory will assist individuals in everyday decision making because some situations make it difficult to make the right decision.Advertising Looking for case study on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Utilitarianism is the second theory that will be useful in everyday decision making. According to utilitarian theorists, decisions should be made on the basis of their benefits for the largest majority. This implies that our actions should not favour individuals at the expense of a larger group of people. The theory is therefore important in everyday decision making because it enables individuals to make decisions that benefit the majority.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Why Your Resume Was Thrown in the Trash

Why Your Resume Was Thrown in the Trash We’ve all been there. Proactively firing resumes into the void, uploading and submitting them to job after job, hiring manager after hiring manager, and getting no response. If you’re wasting a whole lot of time and bait and not getting any nibbles, double check that you’re not making any of the following rookie resume mistakes.1. Aiming too highAmbition and confidence are both great qualities, and necessary to succeed. But part of the job search process is knowing which category of job you’re qualified for. You’re allowed to stretch for the top branches, but you want to make sure you’re not in the forest trying to stretch up all the way to Mars.Send resumes to jobs within your current qualification and experience bracket, then a few tiers above. Recruiters will take your resume more seriously.2. Inattention to formattingThis doesn’t even mean your indents are inconsistent. This means they specifically asked for .pdf or .rtf and you su bmitted a .docx. It seems like such a small detail, but sometimes different formats are incompatible with certain systems. You’ll be asking the recruiter to do an annoying bit of extra work before they even open your resume and, probably, they won’t.3. It’s pretty, but it doesn’t say muchYou’ve designed your resume to the hilt. It’s a work of modernist art. Up on all the latest trends. Complete with snazzy infographics. But if your recruiter can’t get the basic information needed to assess your skills and experience, you’re sunk. Make it clear, concise, and accessible. Stylishness within those parameters is gravy.4. Language and grammar  mistakesYou didn’t spell check, you didn’t proofread. You didn’t even make sure you used the same font. You misspelled â€Å"cadndidate.† The recruiter is hitting delete so fast, you won’t even know which particular error was the culprit. Pay attention to th ese details. It will be glaringly obvious if you don’t.5. Too many multi-syllabicsThey’re assuming you passed your SAT. You don’t need to throw every fancy word from your old standardized test study guides at them. Stick to clear language that correctly conveys what you need them to know.6. DishonestyDon’t lie. Period. You will get caught eventually. Even if you make it past the resume screening process to the interview. Even if you get hired. Be honest about where you’ve worked and what you know, and don’t try to sweeten anything up beyond the realm of truth.7. You’re too persistentPlay a little hard to get. Calling every three hours to ask whether your resume has been received will only annoy the hiring manager. Rather than nudge them to get to your resume faster, this will likely backfire and send it straight to the trash.8. You’re too muchDid you send flowers or chocolate? A singing telegram? Include a headshot for a job th at doesn’t need one? Write an honest, but slightly desperate note about why you want an interview so badly? Send one too many weirdo signals and you’ll end up in the weirdo pile. Stay professional.9. You oversharedThere are a ton of resume creation aides online. Bottom line: you need to include your name, your contact information, and a chronological list of your work and education history, plus any relevant skills or certifications. You do not want to include your birthday, favorite color, personal information, race, sexual orientation, or your membership in political groups. You’ll only look like you don’t know what you’re doing. And you might even offend someone. Stick to the basics.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Parity conditions in International Finance and Currency Forecasting Essay

Parity conditions in International Finance and Currency Forecasting - Essay Example These global investors are encouraged by the differences that exist among countries in the return rates on assets that are comparable. The theory also proposes that the exchange rate value on the foreign exchange market is affected by the transactions that are undertaken on the financial account of a country (Mukherjee, 2002). Madura, (2014) says that, the interest rate parity is an equilibrium. Why is this so? The author notes that, when the exchange and the interest rates are made to change and adjust to the forces in the market in a way that the interest arbitrage is not achievable, then an equilibrium results. The equilibrium is termed as the interest parity. Hence, when an equilibrium exists, the forward rate varies from the spot rate by an adequate extent. The variation is to such an extent that it counterbalances the interest rate differential among the countries’ currencies. For example, if an investor from the US obtains a greater rate of interest from his or her foreign investment; and he or she has to pay extra per entity of the country’s currency than what he or she obtains per entity when the country’s currency is sold forward, then there is a counterbalancing influence. Hence, if the investor has invested in the UK and the UK pound has an interest rate of 4%, while the equivalent in the US has an interest rate of 1%. Then, the two currencies’ interest rate differential is 3% (4 – 3). It implies that the interest rate differential is the profit the investors presume. However, the exchange rate must remain constant if the profit is to hold (Grath, 2011). In the example, the â€Å"pay extra per entity of the country’s currency†¦Ã¢â‚¬  is what is termed as the spot rate. While, â€Å"what he or she obtains per entity when the country’s currency is sold forward,† is known as the forward rate. Normally, when the spot rate is more than the forward rate, then a discount is in the